Writing Science How to write papers that get cited and.

Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter To wrap up, remember that reviewing is a professional obligation—it’s what we do for each other to advance our science. We help our colleagues by identifying areas where the work is unclear or the arguments weak. Review can be a painful process, but writing science is hard; no one ever gets it completely right on the first shot. No one. Ever*. Scientific experiments are demanding, exciting endeavors, but, to have an impact, results must be communicated to others. A research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your research. The "rules" of writing a scientific paper are rigid and are different from those that apply when you write an English theme or a library research paper. For clear communication, the paper obviously requires proper usage of the English language and this will be considered in evaluating your reports. Scientific papers must be written clearly and concisely so that readers with backgrounds similar to yours can understand easily what you have done and how you have done it should they want to repeat or extend your work. When writing papers for the biology department, you can assume that your audience will be readers like yourselves with similar knowledge. The section headings (Abstract, Introduction, etc.) should be centered and the body of each section should follow immediately below the heading. If one section ends part of the way down the page, the next section heading follows immediately on the same page. One important general rule to keep in mind is that a scientific paper is a report about something that has been done in the past. Most of the paper should be written in the PAST TENSE (was, were). The present tense (is, are) is used when stating generalizations or conclusions. The present tense is most often used in the Introduction, Discussion and Conclusion sections of papers. The paper should read as a narrative in which the author describes what was done and what results were obtained from that work. Every scientific paper must have a self-explanatory title. By reading the title, the work being reported should be clear to the reader without having to read the paper itself. The title, "A Biology Lab Report", tells the reader nothing. An example of a good, self-explanatory title would be: "The Effects of Light and Temperature on the Growth of Populations of the Bacterium, Escherichia coli ". This title reports exactly what the researcher has done by stating three things: If the title had been only "Effects of Light and Temperature on Escherichia coli ", the reader would have to guess which parameters were measured. (That is, were the effects on reproduction, survival, dry weight or something else? ) If the title had been "Effect of Environmental Factors on Growth of Escherichia coli ", the reader would not know which environmental factors were manipulated. If the title had been "Effects of Light and Temperature on the Growth of an Organism", then the reader would not know which organism was studied. In any of the above cases, the reader would be forced to read more of the paper to understand what the researcher had done. Exceptions do occur: If several factors were manipulated, all of them do not have to be listed. Instead, "Effects of Several Environmental Factors on Growth of Populations of Escherichia coli " (if more than two or three factors were manipulated) would be appropriate. The same applies if more than two or three organisms were studied. For example, "Effects of Light and Temperature on the Growth of Four Species of Bacteria" would be correct. The researcher would then include the names of the bacteria in the Materials and Methods section of the paper. The abstract section in a scientific paper is a concise digest of the content of the paper. A summary is a brief restatement of preceding text that is intended to orient a reader who has studied the preceding text. An abstract is intended to be self-explanatory without reference to the paper, but is not a substitute for the paper. The abstract should present, in about 250 words, the purpose of the paper, general materials and methods (including, if any, the scientific and common names of organisms), summarized results, and the major conclusions. Do not include any information that is not contained in the body of the paper. Exclude detailed descriptions of organisms, materials and methods. Tables or figures, references to tables or figures, or references to literature cited usually are not included in this section. An easy way to write the abstract is to extract the most important points from each section of the paper and then use those points to construct a brief description of your study. The Introduction is the statement of the problem that you investigated. It should give readers enough information to appreciate your specific objectives within a larger theoretical framework. After placing your work in a broader context, you should state the specific question(s) to be answered. This section may also include background information about the problem such as a summary of any research that has been done on the problem in the past and how the present experiment will help to clarify or expand the knowledge in this general area. All background information gathered from other sources must, of course, be appropriately cited. (Proper citation of references will be described later.)A helpful strategy in this section is to go from the general, theoretical framework to your specific question. Remember that you are writing for classmates who have knowledge similar to yours. Present only the most relevant ideas and get quickly to the point of the paper. This section explains how and, where relevant, when the experiment was done. The researcher describes the experimental design, the apparatus, methods of gathering data and type of control. If any work was done in a natural habitat, the worker describes the study area, states its location and explains when the work was done. If specimens were collected for study, where and when that material was collected are stated. The general rule to remember is that the Materials and Methods section should be detailed and clear enough so that any reader knowledgeable in basic scientific techniques could duplicate the study if she/he wished to do so. Also, DO NOT LIST the equipment used in the experiment. The materials that were used in the research are simply mentioned in the narrative as the experimental procedure is described in detail. If well-known methods were used without changes, simply name the methods (e.g., standard microscopic techniques; standard spectrophotometric techniques). If modified standard techniques were used, describe the changes. Here the researcher presents summarized data for inspection using narrative text and, where appropriate, tables and figures to display summarized data. No interpretation of the data or conclusions about what the data might mean are given in this section. Data assembled in tables and/or figures should supplement the text and present the data in an easily understandable form. If tables and/or figures are used, they must be accompanied by narrative text. Do not repeat extensively in the text the data you have presented in tables and figures. But, do not restrict yourself to passing comments either. (For example, only stating that "Results are shown in Table 1." is not appropriate.) The text describes the data presented in the tables and figures and calls attention to the important data that the researcher will discuss in the Discussion section and will use to support Conclusions. (Rules to follow when constructing and presenting figures and tables are presented in a later section of this guide.)Here, the researcher interprets the data in terms of any patterns that were observed, any relationships among experimental variables that are important and any correlations between variables that are discernible. The author should include any explanations of how the results differed from those hypothesized, or how the results were either different from or similar to those of any related experiments performed by other researchers. Remember that experiments do not always need to show major differences or trends to be important. "Negative" results also need to be explained and may represent something important--perhaps a new or changed focus for your research. A useful strategy in discussing your experiment is to relate your specific results back to the broad theoretical context presented in the Introduction. Since your Introduction went from the general to a specific question, going from the specific back to the general will help to tie your ideas and arguments together. This section simply states what the researcher thinks the data mean, and, as such, should relate directly back to the problem/question stated in the introduction. This section should not offer any reasons for those particular conclusions--these should have been presented in the Discussion section. By looking at only the Introduction and Conclusions sections, a reader should have a good idea of what the researcher has investigated and discovered even though the specific details of how the work was done would not be known. In this section you should give credit to people who have helped you with the research or with writing the paper. If your work has been supported by a grant, you would also give credit for that in this section. This section lists, in alphabetical order by author, all published information that was referred to anywhere in the text of the paper. It provides the readers with the information needed should they want to refer to the original literature on the general problem. Note that the Literature Cited section includes only those references that were actually mentioned (cited) in the paper. Any other information that the researcher may have read about the problem but did not mention in the paper is not included in this section. This is why the section is called "Literature Cited" instead of "References" or "Bibliography". The system of citing reference material in scientific journals varies with the particular journal. The method that you will follow is the "author-date" system. Listed below are several examples of how citations should be presented in the text of your paper. The name(s) of the author(s) and year of publication are included in the body of the text. Sentence structure determines the placement of the parentheses. Entries in the Literature Cited section are listed alphabetically by author(s) and chronologically for papers by the same author(s). The following citations illustrate the details of punctuation and order of information for a journal article, book, Internet source, and your laboratory packet. Generally, most references will be to the primary literature (i.e., journal articles) and, to a lesser extent, books. Popular literature and the Internet should be used sparingly and with caution. Other sources such as book chapters and pamphlets typically have their own specific citation formats. Inducible defensive responses in plants are known to be activated locally and systematically by signaling molecules that are produced at sites of pathogen or insect attacks, but only one chemical signal, ethylene, is known to travel through the atmosphere to activate plant defensive genes. If necessary, be sure to find out what these formats are and use them appropriately. Methyl jasmonate, a common plant secondary compound, when applied to surfaces of tomato plants, induces the synthesis of defensive proteinase inhibitor proteins in the treated plants and in nearby plants as well. For a much more detailed discussion about writing scientific papers, consult: CBE Style Manual Committee. CBE Style Manual: A Guide for Authors, Editors and Publishers in the Biological Sciences. Council of Biology Editors, Inc., Bethesda, Maryland. The presence of methyl jasmonate in the atmosphere of chambers containing plants from three species of two families, Solanaceae and Fabaceae, results in the accumulation of proteinase inhibitors in leaves of all three species. Went's classical experiment on the diffusion of auxin activity from unilaterally illuminated oat coleoptile tips (Went 1928), was repeated as precisely as possible. When sagebrush, Artemesia tridentata, a plant shown to possess methyl jasmonate in leaf surface structures, is incubated in chambers with tomato plants, proteinase inhibitor accumulation is induced in the tomato leaves, demonstrating that interplant communication can occur from leaves of one species of plant to leaves of another species to activate the expression of defensive genes. In agreement with Went's data with the Avena curvature assay, the agar blocks from the illuminated side of oat (Avena sativa L. Victory) coleoptile tips had, on the average, 38% of the auxin activity of those from the shaded side. Interplant communication: airborne methyl jasmonate induces synthesis of proteinase inhibitors in plant leaves. The failure or inability of an individual to produce functional gametes under a given set of environmental conditions is known as sterility. However, determination of the absolute amounts of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in the agar blocks, using a physicochemical assay following purification, showed that the IAA was evenly distributed in the blocks from the illuminated and shaded sides. Male sterility in plants is generally associated with the lack of production of viable pollen; however its expression can vary (Frankel and Galun 1977, Kaul 1988). In the blocks from the shaded and dark-control halves the amounts of IAA were 2.5 times higher than the auxin activity measured by the Avena curvature test, and in those from the illuminated half even 7 times higher. In any event, male sterility is of fundamental importance in the production of hybrid seeds and in breeding programs. shogoin were sown and germinated in petri dishes on 4 layers of paper-towel (Kimberly-Clark Corp.) moistened with distilled water. Chromatography of the diffusates prior to the Avena curvature test demonstrated that the amounts of two growth inhibitors, especially of the more polar one, were significantly higher in the agar blocks from the illuminated side than in those from the shaded side and the dark control. Plant growth substances, both exogenously applied and endogenous, have often been implicated in the regulation of male sterility in several plant species (Frankel and Galun 1977, Kaul 1988). The objective of this study was to determine a possible relationship between endogenous cytokinins with male sterility in the genic male sterile system in Brassica napus. After 3 days in darkness at 25o C, 4-mm hypocotyl segments were excised below the hook of the 3 cm long etiolated seedlings. These results show that the basic experiment from which the Cholodny-Went theory was derived does not justify this theory. Cytokinins, gibberellins, auxins and abscisic acid, as well as polyamines, are all known to affect pollen and stamen development in a number of species (e.g., Sawhney 1974, Ahokas 1982, Saini and Aspinall 1982, Rastogi and Sawhney 1990, Nakajima et al. Thus, an analysis of a number of cytokinins in various organs of the wild type and genic male sterile plants was conducted. After subapical segments were held for 1 h in darkness at 25o C in distilled water, they were transferred to 1 m M IAA solution or mixed media containing 1 m M IAA and raphanusanin B ( 1 or 3 m M). The data rather indicate that phototropism is caused by the light-induced, local accumulation of growth inhibitors against a background of even auxin distribution, the diffusion of auxin being unaffected. A major goal of plant ecology is to explain spatial variation in a species frequency of occurrence. In other experiments, segments were preincubated for 1 h in small petri dishes containing 1 m M IAA solution, and then raphanusanin B was added to the medium (final concentrations 1 or 3 m M). Spatial variation in seed predation may contribute to spatial variation in plant frequency by reducing seed supply sufficiently to limit seedling emergence more at one location than another (Louda 1982, Anderson 1989). Segment lengths were measured using a microscope with microgauge. Dynamics of cytoplasmic organelles in the cell cycle of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe: Three-dimensional reconstruction from serial sections. Cell Sci.,94: 647-656.pombe h90, the homothallic, readily sporing haploid strain, was used. Spatial variation in seed predation is well documented (e.g., Janzen 1971, 1975,; Bertness et al. Mode of action of natural growth inhibitors in radish hypocotyl elongation -- influence of raphanusanins on auxin-mediated microtubule orientation. All manipulations were carried out under dim green light (3m W m-2). Excerpted from: Kanbe, T., Kobayashi, I and Tanaka, K. The strain was maintained on malt extract-yeast extract (MY) agar as described by Tanaka and Kanbe (1986). 1987; Smith 1987), but few investigators tested whether differential seed predation resulted in differential seedling emergence (e.g., Louda 1982, 1983). Cells were cultured on a MY slant at 30o C for 48 h, transferred to MY broth and cultures at 30o C overnight. Since factors such as dense ground cover may suppress seedling emergence regardless of the amount of seed predation (Harper 1977), additional studies are needed to clarify the effect of seed predation on seedling emergence. Cells at the exponential phase were spread on a MY plate and further incubated at 30o C for 4 to 6 h before harvesting for microscopy. Unilateral reorientation of microtubules at the outer epidermal wall during photo- and gravitropic curvature of maize coleoptiles and sunflower hypocotyls. The striking agreement between changes in microtubule orientation observed at the outer epidermal wall during tropic bending and during induction or straight growth by external auxin strongly indicates that auxin is, in fact, functionally involved in mediating asymmetric growth leading to organ curvature. Therefore, we examined the effects of both seed predation and ground cover (i.e., plant biomass and litter) on seedling emergence of some old-field forbs. Cells were fixed with a solution of 3% paraformaldehyde in a 50m M-phosphate buffer containing 1m M-Mg Cl2 (p H 6.8) at room temperature for 2 h. The present study demonstrates that phototropism in radish hypocotyls is caused by a gradient of growth inhibition which depends on the light intensity through the amounts of growth inhibitor, and thus strongly supports the Blaauw (Blaauw 1915) hypothesis, explaining phototropism as an effect of local growth inhibition by light. Excerpted from: Nick, P., Bergfeld, R., Schäfer, E. There is no evidence that short-term growth of epidermal cells is controlled through the orientation of microfibrils. After washing with the buffer, cells were treated with Novozyme 234 (Novo Industri A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark) for 60 min at 30o C with reciprocal shaking to remove the cell wall. Gold particles were predominant over the nuclear nucleolus-like bodies (NLBs) (Fig. Although the distribution histogram of gold particles over the nuclear NLBs showed that labelling varied from 40 to 130 particles mm-2, most of that fell in the range of 80 - 90 particles mm-2 (Fig. The quantitative estimation of labelling, which represented the average number of gold particles per mm2, indicated the labelling over the nuclear NLBs to be twice as strong as that over the loosened chromatin, and four times as strong as that over the condensed chromatin (Table 2). Influence of unilateral or bilateral illumination of various light intensities on phototropism and distribution of cis- and trans-raphanusanins and raphanusamide. Also the data do not prove a causal relationship between auxin action on microtubule orientation and tropic curvature. For the staining of F-actin, cells were washed and suspended in Rh-ph solution (Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR, USA) diluted 20 times in 50 m M-phosphate-buffered saline containing 1m M-Mg Cl2 (PBS, p H 7.3) at room temperature for 2 h. The effect of Ca2 on root elongation has been reported to be both stimulatory and inhibitory (Burstrom 1969, Evans et al. In those initial studies , however, the whole root was treated with Ca2 . However, our results do show that microtubule reorientation is a specific auxin-mediated response which can be used as a diagnostic test for an asymmetric distribution of the hormone, correlated with asymmetric growth. Nuclei were stained by 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) in NS buffer described by Suzuki et al. Preparations were examined with an Olympus BHS-RFK epifluorescence microscope using a U-G dichroic mirror with excitation filter BP490 for Rh-ph staining and UG1 for DAPI, and were photographed on Kodak Tmax400 film. The RNA content of the nucleolus and nucleolus-like inclusions in the anther of Lilium estimated by an improved RNase-gold labelling method. Because the site of action for Ca2 in gravitropism is considered to be the root cap rather than the zone of elongation, we focused on the role of the Ca2 /cap interaction in root growth as well as in gravitropic responses. As shown in Table 1, the growth of roots treated with 10 m M Ca2 was approximately 30% greater than the controls for a 3.5 h period following Ca2 application to Alaska pea roots and approximately 80% greater than control for 12 h following the treatment in ageotropum pea. We found that Ca2 at 10 or 20 m M applied to the cap end of pea and corn roots mediated elongation growth of roots for at least 3 to 4 h following treatment. However, the growth of Alaska pea roots did not differ from that of control roots when measured 12 h after Ca2 treatment. Unilateral application of 1 to 20 m M Ca2 to the root cap always induced unequivocal curvature of roots away from the Ca2 source in Alaska pea and to a greater extent in the roots of the agravitropic mutant, ageotropum (Figs. Roots of Merit and Silver Queen corn also always curved away from Ca2 applied to the cap, although a somewhat higher concentration was required for the response than in the pea roots. Roots of Silver Queen corn also showed an increase of approximately 70% in growth 3 h following application of 20 m M Ca2 (Table 1). [Several sentences were omitted here.] These results show a strong correlation between an increase of Ca2 levels in the root cap and stimulation of root elongation. Such symmetrical treatment of root caps with Ca2 did not cause curvature of the roots. The results are in contrast to the previously proposed model that an increased level of Ca2 in the root cap mediated inhibition of root growth (Hasenstein et al.

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Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter A Guide to Writing Scientific Essays

A Guide to Writing Scientific Essays. Part of science is separating the crucial from the incidental factors, and. paper, call it a "study". When the mild and salty sea wind touches my face and makes my hair wave right and left, I feel the real ecstasy. I am able to spend the whole day on the warm beach and keep watching the sea, its strong waves, and listening to the noise of the enormous quantity of water, which is circulating non-stop. I know that a lot of people may think that such a pastime is too boring and that it is impossible to stay immovable for such a long period of time. I guess that they have never been at the seaside yet and this is the only sound argument, which I am able to find. Those, who aren’t acquainted with the beach, the sea, and know nothing about the summer funs, are not able to imagine the mixture of the feelings, which fill the soul here. Spending time on the beach can be comparable with no other activities. I hope that the next descriptive essay about the beach will turn your head, pull you out of the habitual lifestyle and move you far from the concrete jungles, where you live. I want to you to get an enormous desire to buy a ticket and fly away to the seaside place as soon as you finish my beach descriptive essay reading. Just remember that the beach is not as harmless as it seems and you should be very attentive here. I am always asked what I like about the beach most of all. It is not really easy to answer ambiguously, because for me the seaside is: From the other side, spending of the whole day on the beach is a perfect opportunity not only to amuse yourself but also to reflect on your life in solitude. If you have some unsolved problems and you are searching of any solutions, the beach is the perfect place for you, which is able to cure any of your troubles. The waves, which wash the coast monotonously, are able to wash all your pains away and show you the best way in life. I don’t really know how it is possible to choose one of these variants and say that I like it most of all. All these points are indivisible and each time, when I come to the beach, I sink into the wonderful atmosphere. Spending time near the sea is not always as trouble-free as it may seem. One should always remember that when he is next to the water, he should be twice as careful. The friendly and pure sea may turn into the bitterest enemy of him. One day, when I wanted to escape from the world and spend some time on my own, I came on the beach as usual, took the place just at the water’s edge, and closed my eyes. The sun’s beams reached my face and I felt how they covered my skin with the tan. I was dreaming about my pretty image in the mirror, which would be of bright bronze color. Despite the fact that the scientists have already proved the bad influence of sunbathing, I like to roast under the hot sun until my legs become of dark brown color. I know that the sun beams are able to provoke skin cancer and its premature aging, cause the loss of water from the organism and decrease the quantity of melanin, though spending of 3 or 4 hours in the sun is always a too attractive offer for me, of which I am not able to give up. I was sitting with my eyes closed and enjoying the fresh sea smell when suddenly I heard a strange noise. I opened my eyes, saw nothing and closed them again. I was sure that it was just the howl of the wind, which started getting stronger. I tried to sink into my own thoughts and I started watching how the gentle flows washed the fingers on my legs. I was interrupted by the inhuman scream again and my blood surged to my cheeks. Suddenly the beach-rescuer appeared as if from nowhere and I started crying, ‘Man in the sea! I sprang to my feet, made several steps forward and the chilling scene made me feel giddy. ’ It was the real wonder that this brave young man appeared on the beach. I saw not well, though my sharp sight caught a person far from the coastline. He acted quickly and soon the drowning girl was saved. She was a professional swimmer, by the way, though the sudden cramp in her leg paralyzed her. She was sitting next to me, crying and repeating the words of gratitude to me and the rescuer, who gifted her another chance for life. It doesn’t mean that when you are on the beach, you should keep quiet, sit still and make no movements at all. You just must remember that your precious life is in your hands and it may happen so that nobody will be next to you when you get in trouble. Just the simple rules of conduct are able to preserve you from the fatalities. All those, who are in need of the descriptive essays about the beach, shouldn’t worry too. can become your rescuer, come to your help and save you from all the problems just in a matter of seconds. The professional writers will supply you with the perfect descriptive essay on the beach and give you a chance to get the highest mark for your paper. Buy your essay now and change your life for the better!

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Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter Writing a Research Paper Series Discussion - ScienceDocs

Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter Writing a Research Paper Series Discussion. Perspectives, computer science writing. papers but my teachers show very strictness in research paper writing. So. With employers taking on average 8.8 seconds to scan a CV, it’s really important that your personal statement stands out and you understand how to sell yourself effectively. Lis Mc Guire, Professional CV Writer and Founder of Giraffe CVs says “Your personal statement is one of the most important elements of your application. Sitting at the top of your CV, it’s your chance to convince the reader to give your CV their time and attention.” Some application forms, including university applications, require a more in depth personal statement, often up to two pages, and a different approach is required. For this guide we’re focusing on the personal statement on your CV. Part 2: Writing a personal statement Part 4: Personal statement do’s and don’ts A personal statement, also known as a personal profile, summarises what you can offer an employer in relation to the job you’re applying for. “It needs to convince your audience that you’re a good fit for the role in hand” says Mc Guire, Founder of Giraffe CVs. Senior HR Business Partner at Amazon, Lucy Ventrice agrees “It’s your opportunity to sell yourself and highlight what sets you apart from others”. The personal statement shouldn’t be confused with a supporting statement, which is similar to a cover letter. The functional, chronological or hybrid styles of CV all require a personal statement. You have to condense your experience and skills into a few sentences. The advice in this guide will help you produce a first class personal statement on your CV. Recruiters and employers like personal statements as they can easily see if you are a match in skills, experience and attitude to their job. With over 100 applications for some vacancies this is a brilliant time saver. Recruiter will only read the rest of your CV if you’re personal statement signals you’ll add value. You need to be able to sell yourself succinctly in your personal statement to stand out from the crowd. Sharon Xenophontos, Senior HR Manager at Macfarlanes LLP sees it as “an opportunity to summarise your unique selling points and allow employers to quickly read ‘between the lines’ of your CV.” Lucy Ventrice, Senior HR Business Partner at Amazon agrees “in a very competitive market you must focus on what experience, skills or attributes you have that would benefit a future employer? ” Sharon Xenophonotos, Senior HR Manager at Macfarlanes LLP recommends you “use proper sentences, a short paragraph of two to three sentences should be sufficient”. Sally Whiteside, Head of HR for Tesco Online agrees “It should be short and sharp, representing your tone of voice to set you apart”. You can expand on your successes elsewhere in your CV. A personal statement should answer the question “why are you the best person for the job? ” says Lucy Ventrice Senior HR Business Partner at Amazon. Put yourself in the middle and [write down] your experience, skills and attributes. Do the same with the future employer in the middle, what are they looking for in the job advert? Then compare the two and build from there.” Mc Guire, a Professional CV Writer adds “while it may seem logical that your personal statement should be all about you, to be effective, it should be about your target employer and how you can meet their needs”. Break this down into: Sally Whiteside, Head of HR for Tesco Online agrees “The statement should be structured around your history of achievements, linking them all together to tell a compelling story of what it would be like to work with you and what value you will add to the company.” While introducing yourself in a career summary format, your opening sentence needs to “hook your reader, compelling them to read the next sentence, and the next” says Mc Guire, Founder of Giraffe CVs. The opening sentence of your personal statement should include: Innovative Project Manager (Prince II Practitioner and Certified Scrum Master) with over 5 years’ experience managing complex IT projects for a FTSE 100 company operating across the UK, Europe, India and South Africa. Senior HR Manager at Macfarlanes LLP, Sharon Xenophontos, finds it helpful if candidates let employers know what they are looking for. If you’re at a relatively early stage in your career state your career goal. Remember, your stated must relate to the role you’re applying for. My career goal is to gain responsibility for leading on a project and managing delivery successfully, actively contributing to achieving the business goals. If you’re a bit further along in your career, state more specific goals and why you’d like to work for the employer. Hoping to join an innovative and dynamic company, and develop my social media and marketing skills further. Here we’ve listed what to include in your personal statement, and what not to include. Since every personal statement is about one particular individual’s suitability for working for one particular employer, every personal statement should, in theory, be unique. But we know getting started on a personal statement can be tough. To help, we’ve curated some practical personal statement examples for you to base your personal statement on. Half are for people in specific career stages / circumstances. Use the links to jump to the one that suits you best. Career stage / circumstance personal statements Your current career stage or circumstance will have a major impact on both your employability, and how to present your employability in your CV. We hope you can build upon the following sample personal statements to give your best representation of yourself in your next job application. Industry-specific personal statements Your skills, competencies and goals will be shaped hugely by the industry you work in. We hope you’ll be able to find inspiration from one or more of the following sample personal statements as you write your own. It’s important to carefully manage your unemployed status in your job application. Our first piece of advice is to play down the fact you’re unemployed. Or, in other words, don’t write anything to highlight it. After all, there are countless reasons why people become unemployed, for example redundancy or caring for dependants. Focus on the skills and experience you’re bringing to the role and the difference you can make. You can address this head on in your personal statement by highlighting volunteering, attending training courses or reading trade journals or blogs to stay aware of industry trends. Unemployed: Sample CV template and guide Successful Sales Manager with over eight years’ experience in the Telecoms industry. Proven track record of success, including leading the top performing team in the region, and developing a sales training programme for all new staff. Now looking for the right opportunity to bring my skills to a dynamic IT software company in a management position. School leavers worry they don’t have anything to put in a personal statement. Jon Gregory, Editor of Win that Job.com, who advises parents and teenagers to find work, has this advice: “Employers are usually not recruiting school leavers for knowledge or experience. They want to understand why you’re interested in a particular job. If you ‘care about the environment’ or perhaps ‘love working with animals’, it’s that relevant individuality that counts.” Gregory adds “Talk less about what you want and more about what you can give in the future. Show you are positive, proactive, determined and in it for the long haul”. Think widely about how your hobbies or interests could be relevant. Gregory recommends that “if you have employability skills developed from other work, projects or interests, use them to demonstrate your potential.” First job: Sample CV and guide Motivated and enthusiastic student with a passion for design technology, especially woodwork. I am interested in completing a construction apprenticeship in joinery, as I have always enjoyed making things. I am good at maths and confident when taking measurements and I recently won a school award for my chair design. When writing your first CV after graduating, Sue Moseley, Senior Career Advisor for London University recommends that you “think of your personal statement as the headline to your CV. A good headline grabs attention because it connects with something the reader cares about. So start with what the employer cares about and work from there”. “Change your statement for each application even if it’s just a linguistic tweak to match the employer’s voice. If the job ad asks for ‘excellent customer experience’, using those terms in your statement will increase impact” she adds. “The vital key to impact is evidence” she goes on to say “When an employer reads your statement, how do they know it’s true? Use examples and numbers, based on things you’ve done”. Graduate: Sample CV template and guide Customer experience: As a student ambassador I welcomed a group of 30 sixth formers and their families onto campus and received positive feedback about the clear and helpful way I handled questions. Lis Mc Guire, Founder of Giraffe CVs says “show how your transferrable skills can be applied to your target career and convey energy, enthusiasm, and commitment ”. She adds “don’t fall into the trap of over-explaining yourself and the reasons for your transition”. If you’re changing careers to move into HR, for example, highlight the relevant parts of your previous career such as people management, recruitment or inductions, training, and exclude the other less relevant areas of your roles. Career change: Sample CV template and guide Experienced manager with 5 years’ experience in recruiting, inducting and training staff. Recently delivered change management and restructuring programme for two departments, sensitively managing redundancies and redeployments. Passionate about employee engagement and enabling staff to contribute fully to achieve business aims. Now looking for challenging HR role in the retail sector. “When your CV lands on a hiring manager, or recruiter’s desk, the first questions they’ll have are, ‘Why did this person take a career break? ’” says Fay Wallis, Founder of Bright Sky HR Consulting. “Your personal statement is the best place to answer these questions and explain away any concerns” says Wallis. She warns “don’t make your career break the focus of your CV though. Instead, make your experience and relevance for the role leap out at the person reading it”. “Follow this with a brief reason for your career break. And end the personal statement with another reason that you are right for the role” Wallis adds. Returning to work: Sample CV template and guide An experienced Communications Officer, with proven media relations, copywriting and proofreading skills within the voluntary sector. Looking to return to a communications role, following a career break to travel the world to experience other cultures. Recently qualified in social media management with a strong interest in working for a sustainability organisation. Julie Watkins, Careers Advisor at The Royal College of Nursing suggests that “your personal statement should include the kind of sector you have worked in, any relevant clinical fields and what you’re passionate about.” She goes on to say “this could include empowering patients to take ownership of their health and wellbeing or an interest in health promotion.” Watkins adds “in the current fast paced environment of the NHS you must emphasise your resilience and flexibility.” She also highlights “the need for a tailored personal statement, as it’s the one thing that will really make your CV to stand out in the health sector.” Caring and efficient Nurse committed to safeguarding the medical needs and wellbeing of my patients and their families. Particularly skilled at building rapport with anxious patients and focused on providing a high standard of care that lead to improved patient recovery. Experienced in a number of specialist and complex fields including geriatrics, cardiac and maxillofacial. Excellent observational and record keeping skills to ensure continuity of care and team support. Looking to now develop experience in other clinical areas within a high performing Trust. Lynne Pacanowski, Director of Midwifery at Guy’s & St Thomas’ Hospital suggests “identifying what you have learnt from working in different areas such as antenatal, community, labour ward, or from services such as midwife led or tertiary units, and use this in your personal statement.” Include skills that will interest the Trust, for example, advising expectant mothers on diet, exercise and medications during pregnancy. Pacaonwski recommends you “demonstrate that you understand the population of the area the Trust serves.” She goes on to say “you can also highlight challenging situations you have been involved with, for example, difficult births, identifying when cesareans are needed, or supporting mothers with challenging home situations.” Professional, approachable and efficient Midwife committed to providing the best quality care and support for mothers and families throughout their pregnancies. Four years’ experience and a first honours midwifery degree from University of Liverpool. Extremely knowledgeable about all aspects of pregnancy including ante and postnatal nutrition, and supporting both low and high risk women in a hospital setting. Have experience in both medical and community midwifery, particularly with women from a variety of ethnic backgrounds. Recently trained in aromatherapy to support women mentally and physically during labour. Looking for a new position within a progressive Trust with a Birthing Centre. Jo Postlethwaite, Head Teacher of Somervale School, recommends that you get to know your target audience and says “Read everything you can about the setting. What can you say about yourself that shows you support this ethos? Ensure you use their words back to them.” Additionally, it’s important to describe your teaching philosophy and enthusiasm for your subject. ” Secondly she recommends that you “Talk like a member of staff – spend a bit of time looking at the sort of language the establishment uses. Passionate Science Teacher striving to make a real difference to young people’s lives through engaging lessons matched to individual learning needs. Excellent behavioural management skills gained through vast experience of working in diverse academic settings. Experienced in developing lessons for a wide range of students. Now looking for a teaching role that offers more responsibility and management experience within a challenging and proactive school. Jo Postlethwaite, Head Teacher of Somervale School, feels that “simple is best. This is your opportunity to summarise your good points. So, be succinct, but don’t forget to highlight how you work closely with teachers and parents as well as pupils.” Postlethwaite often has 50 applications to read through so she wants to see candidates “showing their ‘unique selling points (USP). But don’t be tempted to go for a ‘wacky’ colour or design as this can be off-putting.” Finally, Postlethwaite recommends you “check your spelling and grammar, not just for your personal statement but your whole application. Errors in applications for teaching or support roles would end up on the ‘no’ pile.” A highly motivated Teaching Assistant with four years experience and a caring and supportive attitude. Through my recent studies in Early Childhood, I am up to date with developments in Early Years Care and Education, and have recent experience in Reception and Y1 classes. I have supported children with special needs and helped with behaviour management in the playground. Happy to support teachers with developing learning materials and displaying work, and am also comfortable communicating with parents and carers. Now looking to broaden my experience with Y2 and 3 children. Ex-Accountant turned Career Coach Diana Norris of Career Balance suggests that “you should think of your CV as the first report you will write for your new employer, and your personal statement as the executive summary. Your statement should show you can write succinctly and ensure your reader grasps the essentials of your argument.” Norris goes on to add “anything you think an employer really needs to notice should be in your profile. If you’re fluent in another European language, and the organisation you’re applying to does business in the EU, don’t leave that information languishing at the bottom of the second page of your document.” She also recommends that you “avoid over used phrases like “good team player”. Employers tend not to see it when they read a CV – their eyes slide over it.” Experienced and qualified Accountant with a sound understanding of financial controls and processes. A strong commercial awareness combined with the ability to analyse and produce high quality management reports to tight deadlines. Specific experience of developing cost saving practices, budget management and forecasting within the retail and utilities sectors. Now looking to broaden experience specifically in an IT firm. Kate Kassis, Marketing Manager for Harrods has the following advice for would-be marketing executives: “Keep it concise and avoid unnecessary use of adjectives. Simple yet effective language skills are key to any marketing role.” Kassis goes on to say: “Be honest. Don’t over-sell but, where possible, look to include a commercial angle. Creativity is key in Marketing but the ability to think strategically is even more important”. When she’s recruiting, Kassis looks for something that tells her the applicant has the ability to ‘run with it’. This means working to deadlines, managing and presenting to stakeholders, delivering results and critically analysing. Intuitive Marketing Executive skilled at increasing sales through diligent research and efficient resource allocation. Especially adept at managing complex projects while also developing key stakeholder relationships. Able to maximise profits whilst working within a tight marketing budget. Enjoy identifying client needs and delivering practical short and long term solutions. Now looking or a new role to develop my digital marketing skills. “A good personal statement should focus on three key themes – your postgraduate experience, including details of chartership; the range of technical skills you have developed; and how you apply these to consultancy” says Rob Delahunty, Associate Director at Webb Yates Engineers. “You’ll really stand out to an employer”, says Delahunty, “if you can show how these themes transfer to the workplace. Highlight your ability to work within a design team with architects, contractors and other specialists; show how your specialist IT knowledge or skill for analysis was applied to project challenges; and demonstrate your experience in assessing the environmental or safety impact of a project.” Delahunty recommends: “Include any licences, industry accreditation, security clearances and certification you have, as they establish you as a recognised professional in the industry.” An ambitious and highly motivated Civil Engineer with strong practical and technical skills, consistently finishes commercial and residential projects under budget and on schedule. Sound knowledge of designing, testing and evaluating overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety of a design. Advocates for environmentally-conscious design and cost-effective public infrastructure solutions. Currently seeking a challenging professional position within a cutting edge engineering practice. “Convey your enthusiasm for the role as employers are looking for staff who will represent them and their brand in a positive way. Highlight if you won any awards or suggested a change that benefited customers in some way” suggests Amanda Reuben, Experienced Fashion & Retail Brands Recruiter and Founder of Bijou Recruitment. Reuben wants to see a number of personal qualities displayed in a Customer Service personal statement. She says, “you want your candidate to be friendly, warm and engaging whilst also remaining calm under pressure.” She also recommends that you show how you have managed customer expectations or dealt with difficult situations. Think what you associate with the brand or company – are they fast paced and focused on efficient service, or do they like you to take time with customers. Show you understand and can support their approach. A well-presented, patient and friendly Customer Service Advisor with a proven track record of building relationships by providing information on additional products and services and helping customers find the right ones to meet their needs. A genuine ‘can-do’ attitude demonstrated through a number of staff awards, and an excellent telephone manner combines to contribute to the growth of any business. Trained in effectively resolving customer complaints and now looking for a suitable position to take on more responsibility and expand retail experience. For your personal statement to stand out, Dr Chris Sherrington, Head of Environmental Policy and Economics for Eunomia, an independent consultancy recommends you “show creativity in the way you’ve approached problems. This is important as there can be subject areas within specialist fields where outcomes can’t easily be quantified.” He goes on to say “also show how you’ve offered relevant advice based on sound economic principles, and where you’ve successfully made the best use of the data that’s available.” This could be in a report you’ve produced or some analysis you’ve delivered. Proactive Economist with 5 years’ experience in both public and private sector, and specific expertise in healthcare trends. Extremely skilled in market trend analysis, financial modelling and business planning, having delivered a comprehensive management report on a proposed outsourcing opportunity. Enjoy developing productive industry and internal relationships to increase understanding of business needs and economic impact. Now looking for a role to further develop my strategic planning skills within the environmental sector.

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Writing an Introduction for a Scientific Paper – Writing Across the.

Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter This section provides guidelines on how to construct a solid introduction to a scientific paper including background information, study question, biological. This page contains four specific areas: Creating Effective Assignments Checking the Assignment Sequencing Writing Assignments Selecting an Effective Writing Assignment Format Creating Effective Assignments Research has shown that the more detailed a writing assignment is, the better the student papers are in response to that assignment. Instructors can often help students write more effective papers by giving students written instructions about that assignment. Explicit descriptions of assignments on the syllabus or on an “assignment sheet” tend to produce the best results. These instructions might make explicit the process or steps necessary to complete the assignment. Assignment sheets should detail: Providing questions or needed data in the assignment helps students get started. For instance, some questions can suggest a mode of organization to the students. Other questions might suggest a procedure to follow. To learn and demonstrate the procedures, practices, and tools of your field of study? Is the assignment sequenced so that students: (1) write a draft, (2) receive feedback (from you, fellow students, or staff members at the Writing and Communication Center), and (3) then revise it? The questions posed should require that students assert a thesis. Such a procedure has been proven to accomplish at least two goals: it improves the student’s writing and it discourages plagiarism. Does the assignment include so many sub-questions that students will be confused about the major issue they should examine? What is the purpose of the assignment (e.g., review knowledge already learned, find additional information, synthesize research, examine a new hypothesis)? The following areas should help you create effective writing assignments. How exactly does this assignment fit with the objectives of your course? Should this assignment relate only to the class and the texts for the class, or should it also relate to the world beyond the classroom? What do you want the students to learn or experience from this writing assignment? Should this assignment be an individual or a collaborative effort? What do you want students to show you in this assignment? Can you give more guidance about what the paper’s main focus should be? Making the purpose(s) of the assignment explicit helps students write the kind of paper you want. What is the required form (e.g., expository essay, lab report, memo, business report)? What mode is required for the assignment (e.g., description, narration, analysis, persuasion, a combination of two or more of these)? Can you define a hypothetical audience to help students determine which concepts to define and explain? What is the probable educational and economic background of the intended readers? Can you make explicit what persona you wish the students to assume? When students write only to the instructor, they may assume that little, if anything, requires explanation. For example, a very effective role for student writers is that of a “professional in training” who uses the assumptions, the perspective, and the conceptual tools of the discipline. If possible, explain the relative weight in grading assigned to the quality of writing and the assignment’s content: Checking the Assignment Here’s a checklist for writing assignments: 1. Have you presented the assignment in a manageable form? Defining the whole class as the intended audience will clarify this issue for students. What is the probable attitude of the intended readers toward the topic itself? Have you used explicit command words in your instructions (e.g., “compare and contrast” and “explain” are more explicit than “explore” or “consider”)? Have you told students the kind of audience they are addressing — the level of knowledge they can assume the readers have and your particular preferences (e.g., “avoid slang, use the first-person sparingly”)? If the assignment has several stages of completion, have you made the various deadlines clear? For instance, a 5-page assignment sheet for a 1-page paper may overwhelm students. The more explicit the command words, the better chance the students will write the type of paper you wish. Does the assignment suggest a topic, thesis, and format? Similarly, a 1-sentence assignment for a 25-page paper may offer insufficient guidance. Sequencing Writing Assignments There are several benefits of sequencing writing assignments: 1. Sequencing provides a sense of coherence for the course. This approach helps students see progress and purpose in their work rather than seeing the writing assignments as separate exercises. It encourages complexity through sustained attention, revision, and consideration of multiple perspectives. If you have only one large paper due near the end of the course, you might create a sequence of smaller assignments leading up to and providing a foundation for that larger paper (e.g., proposal of the topic, an annotated bibliography, a progress report, a summary of the paper’s key argument, a first draft of the paper itself). This approach allows you to give students guidance and also discourages plagiarism. It mirrors the approach to written work in many professions. The concept of sequencing writing assignments also allows for a wide range of options in creating the assignment. It is often beneficial to have students submit the components suggested below to your course’s STELLAR web site. In its simplest form, “sequencing an assignment” can mean establishing some sort of “official” check of the prewriting and drafting steps in the writing process. This step guarantees that students will not write the whole paper in one sitting and also gives students more time to let their ideas develop. This check might be something as informal as having students work on their prewriting or draft for a few minutes at the end of class. Or it might be something more formal such as collecting the prewriting and giving a few suggestions and comments. You might ask students to submit a first draft in order to receive your quick responses to its content, or have them submit written questions about the content and scope of their projects after they have completed their first draft. Set up small writing groups of three-five students from the class. Allow them to meet for a few minutes in class or have them arrange a meeting outside of class to comment constructively on each other’s drafts. The students do not need to be writing on the same topic. Have students consult with someone in the Writing and Communication Center about their prewriting and/or drafts. The Center has yellow forms that we can give to students to inform you that such a visit was made. A series of reading and writing assignments may be linked by the same subject matter or topic. Students encounter new perspectives and competing ideas with each new reading, and thus must evaluate and balance various views and adopt a position that considers the various points of view. In this approach, students’ assignments move from less complex to more complex modes of discourse (e.g., from expressive to analytic to argumentative; or from lab report to position paper to research article). In this approach, students create drafts for different audiences, moving from personal to public (e.g., from self-reflection to an audience of peers to an audience of specialists). Each change would require different tasks and more extensive knowledge. In this approach, students might write a statement of their understanding of a subject or issue at the beginning of a course and then return at the end of the semester to write an analysis of that original stance in the light of the experiences and knowledge gained in the course. A different approach to sequencing is to create a series of assignments culminating in a final writing project. In scientific and technical writing, for example, students could write a proposal requesting approval of a particular topic. The next assignment might be a progress report (or a series of progress reports), and the final assignment could be the report or document itself. For humanities and social science courses, students might write a proposal requesting approval of a particular topic, then hand in an annotated bibliography, and then a draft, and then the final version of the paper. A variation of the previous approach is to have students submit various sections of their final document throughout the semester (e.g., their bibliography, review of the literature, methods section). Selecting an Effective Writing Assignment Format In addition to the standard essay and report formats, several other formats exist that might give students a different slant on the course material or allow them to use slightly different writing skills. Journals have become a popular format in recent years for courses that require some writing. In-class journal entries can spark discussions and reveal gaps in students’ understanding of the material. Having students write an in-class entry summarizing the material covered that day can aid the learning process and also reveal concepts that require more elaboration. Out-of-class entries involve short summaries or analyses of texts, or are a testing ground for ideas for student papers and reports. Although journals may seem to add a huge burden for instructors to correct, in fact many instructors either spot-check journals (looking at a few particular key entries) or grade them based on the number of entries completed. Students can define and defend a position on an issue in a letter written to someone in authority. Journals are usually not graded for their prose style. They can also explain a concept or a process to someone in need of that particular information. They can write a letter to a friend explaining their concerns about an upcoming paper assignment or explaining their ideas for an upcoming paper assignment. If you wish to add a creative element to the writing assignment, you might have students adopt the persona of an important person discussed in your course (e.g., an historical figure) and write a letter explaining his/her actions, process, or theory to an interested person (e.g., “pretend that you are John Wilkes Booth and write a letter to the Congress justifying your assassination of Abraham Lincoln,” or “pretend you are Henry VIII writing to Thomas More explaining your break from the Catholic Church”). Students can define and defend a position on a controversial issue in the format of an editorial for the campus or local newspaper or for a national journal. Students might create a case study particular to the course’s subject matter. Students can define and defend a position, perhaps as a preliminary step in the creation of a formal research paper or essay. Students can create a new document “in the style of” a particular writer (e.g., “Create a government document the way Woody Allen might write it” or “Write your own ‘Modest Proposal’ about a modern issue”). Students write a step-by-step explanation of a process. Students create a dialogue between two major figures studied in which they not only reveal those people’s theories or thoughts but also explore areas of possible disagreement (e.g., “Write a dialogue between Claude Monet and Jackson Pollock about the nature and uses of art”). Students work together to create such works as reports, questions, and critiques. To discuss any of these formats or to explore other ways of adding a writing component to your classes, please contact the Writing Center’s director (Steve Strang, 253-4459, [email protected]).

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The following are decent examples of Persuasive / Argumentative Essays, designed to help you think about the form more deeply. They aren’t “slam dunk” essays that guarantee an “A”. In fact, we’ve given you some perspective on how writing instructors would view these examples. Notice how the grammar doesn’t really play into the analysis of the examples; the writing is competent. Click on a title below to access the original work in another window.

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Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research. Briefly reiterate the research problem or problems you are investigating and the methods you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have. Systematically explain the underlying meaning of your findings and state why you believe they are significant. After reading the discussion section, you want the reader to think critically about the results [“why didn't I think of that? You don’t want to force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out what it all means. If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding. Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section. No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Remember that the data are the data: nothing more, nothing less. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. "The Anatomy of an Article: The Discussion Section: "How Does the Article I Read Today Change What I Will Recommend to my Patients Tomorrow? Lund Research Ltd., 2012; Summary: Using it Wisely. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. You may choose to conclude the discussion section by making suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper]. For example, if the purpose of your research was to measure the impact of foreign aid on increasing access to education among the poor in Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design. Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research. "How to Write an Effective Discussion." 49 (October 2004); Kretchmer, Paul. If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.g., in future studies, the survey instrument should include more questions that ask..."] or linking to critical issues revealed from the data that were not considered initially in your research. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. Sometimes your professor will encourage you to expand your discussion of the results in this way, while others don’t care what your opinion is beyond your effort to interpret the data. A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. If a study that you cited does not support your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why your research findings differ from theirs.

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Importance of education tells us the value of education in our life. Education means a lot in everyone’s life as it facilitates our learning, knowledge and skill. It completely changes our mind and personality and helps us to attain the positive attitudes. We must give importance to the education than other targets in life as it is the only source of real happiness in our life. Importance of Education in Society | Importance of Education for Children | Importance of Education in our Life | Article on Importance of Education for Women | Importance of Education for Adults We all want to see our kids going towards success which is only possible through the good and proper education. Every parent tells their kids from childhood about the importance of education in the life and all the advantages of education to make their mind towards better study in the future. Make your kids and children habitual of writing essays, participate in debates and discussion and many more skill enhancing activities in the schools or at home using such simple essays. We are here to help you all parents in making your kid’s better future by providing simple essay on importance of education. Following importance of education essay are easily worded and given under various words limit especially for students. You can select anyone of these according to the class standard: Better education is very necessary for all to go ahead in the life and get success. It develops confidence and helps building personality of a person. School education plays a great role in everyone’s life. The whole education has been divided into three divisions such as the primary education, secondary education and Higher Secondary education. All the divisions of education have their own importance and benefits. Primary education prepares the base which helps throughout the life, secondary education prepares the path for further study and higher secondary education prepares the ultimate path of the future and whole life. Our good or bad education decides that which type of person we would in the future. In such competitive world, it is must for all to have good education. The importance of higher education has become increased in getting good job and position. Proper education creates lots of ways to go ahead in the future. It makes us strong mentally, socially and intellectually by increasing our knowledge level, technical skills and good position in the job. Each and every kid has their own dream of doing something different in the life. Sometimes parents dream for their kids to become a doctor, IAS officer, PCS officer, engineer and other high level positions. There is only one way to all dreams which is good education. Students who are interested in other areas like sports, game, dance, music, etc continue their further study together with their specialties in order to have degree, knowledge, skill and confidence. There are many boards of education such as UP board, Bihar board, ICSE board, CBSE board, etc according to the state. Education is a very good tool which benefits all through the life. Education is very important tool for everyone to succeed in life and get something different. It helps a lot in lessening the challenges of life difficult life. Knowledge gained throughout the education period enables each and every individual confident about their life. It opens various doors to the opportunities of achieving better prospects in life so promotes career growth. Many awareness programmes has been run by the government in enhance the value of education in rural areas. It brings feeling of equality among all people in the society and promotes growth and development of the country. Education plays a paramount role in the modern technological world. Now-a-days, there are many ways to enhance the education level. The whole criteria of education have been changed now. We can study through the distance learning programmes after the 12 standard together with the job. Education is not so costly, anyone one with less money may study continuously. We can get admission in the big and popular universities with fewer fees through the distance learning. Other small training institutes are providing education to enhance the skill level in particular field. Education is must for both men and women equally as both together make a healthy and educated society. It is an essential tool for getting bright future as well as plays a most important role in the development and progress of the country. Citizens of the country become responsible for the better future and development of the country. Highly educated people become the base of the developed country. So, proper education makes the bright future of both, the individual and the country. It is only educated leaders who build the nation and lead it to the height of success and progress. Education makes people as perfect and noble as possible. Good education gives many purposes to the life such as enhancement of the personal advancement, increase social status, increase social health, economical progress, success to the nation, set goals of life, make us aware towards many social issues and gives solutions to solve environmental problems and other related issues. Now-a-days, education has become very simple and easy because of the implementation of distance learning programmes. Modern education system is fully capable to remove the social issues of illiteracy and inequality among people of different race, religion and caste. Education develops the people’s minds to a great level and helps in removing all the differences in the society. It makes us able to become a good learner and understand every aspect on life. It provides ability to understand all the human rights, social rights, duties and responsibilities towards country. Education is an essential tool for bright future for all of us. We can achieve anything good in the life using the tool of education. Higher level of education helps people in earning social and family respect and unique recognition. Education time is a crucial part of life for everyone personally and socially. It provides a person a unique standard in the life and feeling of well being. Education provides ability to solve any big social and family and even national and international level problems. No one of us can unseen the importance of education in the life in every aspect. It turns the minds towards positivity in the life and removes all the mental problems and negativity. It changes the people’s thought by bringing positive thoughts and removing negative thoughts. Our parent plays a great role in turning our mind towards education from childhood. They try their best to give us good education from the popular educational institutions. It provides us opportunity to gain technical and highly skilled knowledge as well as enlarge our views all over the world. Best ways to enhance the skill and knowledge level is to get practiced of reading news paper, seeing educational programmes on TV, reading books of good authors, etc. Education makes us more civilized and better educated. It helps us in making better position in the society and achieves dreamed position in the job. It makes us able to become a good doctor, engineer, officer, pilot, teacher, etc in the life whatever we want to become. Regular and proper study leads us towards success by making a goal of life. Earlier the education system was so tough and people from all castes were not able to get education according to their own wish. It was very tough to get admission in the proffered colleges because of high cost. But now it has become so simple and easy to go ahead in the education. Home is the first place of education and parents are first teacher in everyone’s life. In our childhood, we get first impression of education from our home especially form our mother. Our parents let us know the importance of good education in the life. When we become three or four years old, we sent to the school for the proper, regular and sequential study where we have to give many exams and then we get a pass certificate for one class. Slowly we go ahead by passing our one by one class until we get passed successfully till 12 standard. Then start preparations for getting admission to the technical or professional degree which is called as higher study. Higher study is very necessary for all to get good and technical job in the life. We become a well educated person in the life by the efforts of our parents and teachers. They are real well wishers of us who helps us in leading our life towards success. Now-a-days, many governmental programmes have been implemented to enhance the education system so that everyone may get access to the proper education. Lots of advertisements are shown on the TV and news to make people aware of the advantages and importance of education especially in the rural areas as people in backward or rural areas do not want to study because of poorness and improper understating towards the education. Earlier the education system was so tough and costly, poor people were not able to get higher studies after the 12 standard. There was so much differences and inequality in the society among people. People of higher caste were studying well and people of lower caste were not allowed to study in the schools and colleges. However currently, the whole criteria and theme of education has been changed to a great level. There are many rules and regulations have been made and implemented by the Indian government to make education system accessible and less costly for all level of people. Most importantly the distance learning programmes has made higher studies so simple and cheap so that people from backwards areas, poor people and people living good life may get equal access to the education and success in the future. Well educated people make the healthy pillar of the country and lead it ahead in the future. So, education is the tool which can make every impossible thing possible in the life, society and nation.

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The idea of school uniforms seems like an antiquated concept for many North Americans. Unless a child attends private school, it is not normally practiced by children and families. Yet around the world, wearing school uniforms is the norm. Students studying in schools requiring school uniforms generally perform very well academically and seem happy wearing the same outfit every day. There are many benefits to wearing school uniforms that schools in Canada and the United States should incorporate into their public schools. One of the biggest concerns in schools these days is bullying. Students are harassed physically, verbally, and socially. Often, the cause of bullying stems from people being different for not wearing the “right” clothes. If someone looks richer, most people feel like they have a higher social status or more power. To the contrary, uniforms allow children to learn on a more level playing field, with less judgment about clothing choices, brands of clothing, or physical appearance. A lot of students who wear uniforms claim that they feel more proud of their school. Wearing school colors gives students a feeling of being more connected to their school and classmates. If there is a sense of community and connectedness among the students, the use of foul language, gang behavior, and crimes like vandalism are largely eliminated. Wearing school uniforms can also help people gain more self-confidence because they know they are a part of something bigger. One of the main concerns people have about wearing school uniforms is conformity. People fear that by making children look the same, their individuality will be suppressed. Accessories, such as bracelets and hair clips, can jazz up a school uniform. Besides, students can wear their own clothing after school and during weekends. An individual’s personality is not wholly expressed by fashion alone. Personality is determined by the way a person moves, feels, thinks, and talks. Wearing a school uniform neither defines a child’s personality nor erases it. There are even more advantages to wearing school uniforms in public schools in addition to those previously mentioned. It means lower costs for parents during back-to-school shopping. However, the idea that bullying might be alleviated is the leading reason why schools should implement the wearing of uniforms. Students will not lose their personality but will merely learn new ways to express themselves.

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Is Fair 5 Woman Fraud Africa Face2face For But - Years Texas Jailed Voter Expository writing is an increasingly important skill for elementary, middle, and high school students to master. This interactive graphic organizer helps students develop an outline that includes an introductory statement, main ideas they want to discuss or describe, supporting details, and a conclusion that summarizes the main ideas. The tool offers multiple ways to navigate information including a graphic in the upper right-hand corner that allows students to move around the map without having to work in a linear fashion. The finished map can be saved, e-mailed,or printed. How-To Writing: Motivating Students to Write for a Real Purpose It's not easy surviving fourth grade (or third or fifth)! In this lesson, students brainstorm survival tips for future fourth graders and incorporate those tips into an essay. Exploring Cause and Effect Using Expository Texts About Natural Disasters Students explore the nature and structure of expository texts that focus on cause and effect and apply what they learned using graphic organizers and writing paragraphs to outline cause-and-effect relationships. A "Cay"ribbean Island Study As a pre-reading activity for The Cay, groups of students choose and study a Caribbean island, create a final product in the format of their choice, and finally, do an oral presentation to share information learned. Defining Moments: Charting Character Evolution in Lord of the Flies Savagery, treachery, lost innocence... Lord of the Flies is rife with character development. Use this lesson to help students chart the character changes of Ralph and Jack, both in groups and individually. Developing Citizenship Through Rhetorical Analysis Students analyze rhetorical strategies in online editorials, building knowledge of strategies and awareness of local and national issues. This lesson teaches students connections between subject, writer, and audience and how rhetorical strategies are used in everyday writing. Developing Evidence-Based Arguments from Texts This strategy guide clarifies the difference between persuasion and argumentation, stressing the connection between close reading of text to gather evidence and formation of a strong argumentative claim about text.

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One Texas woman, Crystal Mason, faces a 5-year jail sentence for voting while on community supervision. Although Mason is pleading ignorance, many are going further, calling her sentencing...Texas woman jailed 5 years for voter fraud, but is it fair? - Face2Face Africa